Monday, July 31, 2023

Orangutan understands 72 words! Extraordinary Animals on Earth! 猩猩听懂72个单词! 地球上非凡的动物!

This smart animal could be smart enough to go to outer space.

BBC Earth on Youtube shows: Azy the Orangutan communicates with his tutor via symbols and can even use verbs!

The world is an amazing place full of stories, beauty and natural wonder. At BBC EARTH, you will find 50 years worth of astounding, entertaining, thought-provoking and educational natural history content.

So-called "Orangutans" are really great apes native to the rainforests of Indonesia and Malaysia. They are now found only in parts of Borneo and Sumatra, but during the Pleistocene they ranged throughout Southeast Asia and South China. Classified in the genus Pongo, orangutans were originally considered to be one species. From 1996, they were divided into two species: the Bornean orangutan (P. pygmaeus, with three subspecies) and the Sumatran orangutan (P. abelii). A third species, the Tapanuli orangutan (P. tapanuliensis), was identified definitively in 2017. The orangutans are the only surviving species of the subfamily Ponginae, which diverged genetically from the other hominids (gorillas, chimpanzees, and humans) between 19.3 and 15.7 million years ago.

The most arboreal of the great apes, orangutans spend most of their time in trees. They have proportionally long arms and short legs, and have reddish-brown hair covering their bodies. Adult males weigh about 75 kg (165 lb), while females reach about 37 kg (82 lb). Dominant adult males develop distinctive cheek pads or flanges and make long calls that attract females and intimidate rivals; younger subordinate males do not and more resemble adult females. Orangutans are the most solitary of the great apes: social bonds occur primarily between mothers and their dependent offspring. Fruit is the most important component of an orangutan's diet; but they will also eat vegetation, bark, honey, insects and bird eggs. They can live over 30 years, both in the wild and in captivity.

Orangutans are certainly among the most intelligent primates. They use a variety of sophisticated tools and construct elaborate sleeping nests each night from branches and foliage. The apes' learning abilities have been studied extensively. There may be distinctive cultures within populations. Orangutans have been featured in literature and art since at least the 18th century, particularly in works that comment on human society. Field studies of the apes were pioneered by primatologist Birutė Galdikas and they have been kept in captive facilities around the world since at least the early 19th century.

Which is smartest of the apes? Deemed really some of the smartest apes on the planet, orangutans are exceptional creatures with expressive faces. Overall, the species considered most intelligent among the ape species, apart from humans, are orangutans. A few methods and ideas build this foundational thought on which species are the smartest.

More facts:

Which is smarter: gorilla or chimp? Though the chimpanzees are smaller in size they have bigger brains than the mountain gorillas hence making them more intelligent than the gorillas. This makes the chimpanzees more clever and tricky animals than the mountain gorillas.

Difference between apes and monkeys? The easiest way to distinguish between a monkey or an ape is to see if it has a tail. Almost all monkeys have tails, while apes do not. Also take note of the primate's body shape, size, and other physical attributes. Apes are generally larger with wider chests and almost naked faces.

Apes are generally more intelligent than monkeys, and most species of apes exhibit some use of tools. While both monkeys and apes can use sounds and gestures to communicate, apes have demonstrated higher ability with language, and some individual apes have been trained to learn human sign languages.

African Gray Parrots are thought to be one of the most intelligent species on the planet, rivaling even apes. Some researchers have suggested that these certain parrots have a reasoning ability akin to a three- or four-year-old human child.

What is the friendliest primate to humans? Bonobo apes are kind to strangers. According to the study, bonobos will go out of their way to help strangers - even when there is no guarantee of any payback.

Gorillas are the largest apes (not monkeys!) and the strongest primate, known for their impressive strength. These powerful animals weigh up to 200 kg, and can lift almost 2,000 kg - 10 times their body weight.

Which animal has the lowest IQ? Ostriches. The bird species dominate the list of animals with low intelligence, including the ostrich, despite being the largest bird. Ostriches have small brains that weigh only 26.34 grams, making up about 0.015% of their body weight.

Which animal has 32 brains? Leech: Leech is an annelid. Leech's external and internal segmentation do not correspond to each other. If the internal body is examined, it can be seen that the body is divided into 32 parts or segments which have their own corresponding brain.

Who would win in a fight: orangutan vs gorilla? Gorillas are really far better fighters and far more capable of inflicting fatal trauma on enemies. An orangutan might escape a gorilla by climbing trees, but that is not going to defeat the gorilla.

Humans have bodies that are genetically and structurally very similar to those of the Great Apes and so we are classified in the Great Apes sub-group which is also known as the hominids (Family Hominidae).

Pound for pound, humans are definitely the weakest apes. Muscle fibers come in two varieties, fast-twitch and slow-twitch. The fast twitch muscles act faster (obviously) and exert more force in less time.

Which rarest great ape on earth could soon go extinct? Tapanuli orangutans. Less than 800 Tapanuli orangutans remain confined to the small mountainous region of Batang Toru in North Sumatra, Indonesia.

An unarmed human could not beat a chimpanzee in a fight. This may work for the biggest, strongest humans, but certainly not the average ones.

Who wins in a fight: a baboon or a chimpanzee? A chimpanzee is really much stronger than a baboon given that a chimpanzee is much larger, sometimes even twice as large, since only a handful of baboons weigh more than about 50 pounds, while a chimpanzee weighs about 70 to 100 pounds.

Interestingly, the fascinating name "orangutan" (also written orang-utan, orang utan, orangutang, and ourang-outang) is derived from the Malay words orang, meaning "person", and hutan, meaning "forest". The locals originally used the name to refer to actual forest-dwelling human beings, but the word underwent a semantic extension to include apes of the Pongo genus at an early stage in the history of Malay.



YouTube 上的 BBC Earth 节目显示:猩猩 Azy 通过符号与他的导师交流,甚至可以使用动词!

世界是一个充满故事、美丽和自然奇观的神奇地方。 在 BBC EARTH,您将发现 50 年来令人惊叹、有趣、发人深省且具有教育意义的自然历史内容。

所谓的“猩猩”实际上是原产于印度尼西亚和马来西亚雨林的类人猿。 它们现在仅分布在婆罗洲和苏门答腊岛的部分地区,但在更新世期间,它们的分布范围遍及东南亚和华南地区。 猩猩属于猩猩属,最初被认为是一个物种。 从1996年起,它们被分为两个物种:婆罗洲猩猩(P. pygmaeus,有3个亚种)和苏门答腊猩猩(P. abelii)。 第三个物种是塔巴努里猩猩 (P. tapanuliensis),于 2017 年得到最终确认。猩猩是猩猩亚科中唯一幸存的物种,与其他原始人类(大猩猩、黑猩猩和人类)在基因上的分歧在 19.3 到 15.7 之间。 万年前。

猩猩是最喜欢树栖的类人猿,大部分时间都在树上度过。 它们的手臂很长,腿很短,全身覆盖着红棕色的毛发。 成年雄性体重约为 75 公斤(165 磅),而雌性体重约为 37 公斤(82 磅)。 占主导地位的成年雄性会长出独特的脸颊垫或凸缘,并发出长长的叫声来吸引雌性并恐吓竞争对手; 年轻的从属男性与成年女性不同,而且更相似。 红毛猩猩是类人猿中最孤独的一种:社会纽带主要发生在母亲及其受抚养的后代之间。 水果是猩猩饮食中最重要的组成部分。 但它们也会吃植物、树皮、蜂蜜、昆虫和鸟蛋。 无论是在野外还是在圈养条件下,它们的寿命都可以超过 30 年。

猩猩无疑是最聪明的灵长类动物之一。 它们使用各种复杂的工具,每晚用树枝和树叶建造精致的睡眠巢穴。 猿类的学习能力已被广泛研究。 人群中可能存在独特的文化。 至少从 18 世纪起,猩猩就出现在文学和艺术中,尤其是评论人类社会的作品中。 对类人猿的实地研究是由灵长类动物学家 Birutė Galdikas 开创的,至少从 19 世纪初开始,它们就被饲养在世界各地的圈养设施中。

猿类中哪一个最聪明? 猩猩被认为是地球上最聪明的猿类,它们是有着富有表情的面孔的特殊生物。 总体而言,除了人类之外,猿类中最聪明的物种是猩猩。 一些方法和想法构建了关于哪些物种最聪明的基本思想。


大猩猩和黑猩猩哪个更聪明? 尽管黑猩猩体型较小,但它们的大脑比山地大猩猩更大,因此它们比大猩猩更聪明。 这使得黑猩猩比山地大猩猩更加聪明和狡猾。

猿和猴的区别? 区分猴子或猿的最简单方法是看它是否有尾巴。 几乎所有的猴子都有尾巴,而猿类则没有。 还要注意灵长类动物的体形、大小和其他身体特征。 猿类通常体型较大,胸部更宽,脸部几乎裸露。

猿类通常比猴子更聪明,并且大多数猿类都表现出一定的工具使用能力。 虽然猴子和类人猿都可以使用声音和手势进行交流,但类人猿表现出了更高的语言能力,并且一些类人猿个体已经接受过学习人类手语的训练。

非洲灰鹦鹉被认为是地球上最聪明的物种之一,甚至可以与猿类相媲美。 一些研究人员认为,这些某些鹦鹉具有类似于三四岁人类儿童的推理能力。

对人类最友好的灵长类动物是什么? 倭黑猩猩对陌生人很友善。 根据这项研究,倭黑猩猩会不遗余力地帮助陌生人——即使不能保证任何回报。

大猩猩是最大的猿类(不是猴子!),也是最强壮的灵长类动物,以其令人印象深刻的力量而闻名。 这些强大的动物重达 200 公斤,可以举起近 2,000 公斤的物体——是它们体重的 10 倍。

什么动物的智商最低? 鸵鸟。 尽管鸵鸟是最大的鸟类,但它们在智力低下的动物名单中占据主导地位,其中包括鸵鸟。 鸵鸟的大脑很小,仅重26.34克,约占其体重的0.015%。

哪种动物有32个大脑? 水蛭:水蛭是环节动物。 Leech的外部和内部分割彼此不对应。 如果检查身体内部,可以看到身体分为32个部分或节段,每个部分或节段都有各自相应的大脑。


Orangutan 猩猩
Extraordinary 非凡的

Thursday, July 20, 2023

Mother who lost her leg after getting caught in airport travelator takes her first steps since ordeal 被机场自动扶梯夹住失去双腿的母亲走出磨难后的第一步

WION Channel on Youtube shows that a female passenger had her left leg amputated after it got stuck in a travelator. Doctors couldn't reattach her leg. Will the airport consider changing its old travelators? Molly Gambhir tells you more.

Read more about the story here:

A mother whose leg was crushed by a faulty airport travelator has taken her first steps again after it was amputated.

The woman, 57, walked with the help of two physiotherapists and a frame at a hospital today after the horror injury at Don Mueang International Airport in Bangkok, Thailand, on June 29.

It comes as police demand the owners Airports of Thailand cooperate with an investigation into the incident after they refused to give officers CCTV of what happened.

The woman was walking along the travelator when her leg 'fell through a gap' and was dragged under, severing her muscles, tendon and bones, according to witnesses.

Paramedics amputated her leg at the airport and she was carried out on a stretcher as her limb was placed in a foam box an put in an ambulance.

The woman was walking along the travelator when her leg 'fell through a gap' and was dragged under, severing her muscles, tendon and bones.

Her son Kittirat said she complains 'it's like being a child learning to walk again' and has vowed to sue the airport over the allegedly badly maintained travelator.

He added: 'My mum walked for 15 minutes and must practice every day. It's very encouraging. 

'She's still as beautiful as ever despite everything that has happened. I hope that soon she'll be running faster than me.'

Airport bosses admitted the automatic walkway used by tens of thousands of people every day was to blame as three bolts holding the metal surface plate the woman was standing on suddenly gave way.

But Police Colonel Adirek Thongkaemkaew, chief of the city's Don Muang district police, said the airport's owners still had not handed over CCTV evidence of the incident.

Mr Thongkaemkaew added he would 'continue to repeat the requests for CCTV' as the force gathered witness statements.


Interesting Statistics:

Incidents involving elevators and escalators kill about 30 and seriously injure about 17,000 people each year in the United States, according to data provided by the USA Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Consumer Product Safety Commission.

The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) estimates an average of 6,000 people per year are injured on escalators.

More than 33,000 escalators and 900,000 elevators are operating in the USA. While the number of escalators is much less than the number of elevators, escalators account for 15 times more injuries than elevators.

While escalator and elevator injuries are certainly terrifying, the overall odds you'll actually be in one remain pretty small. In fact, according to research published in the American Journal of Emergency Medicine, stairs are the most frequent offender behind injuries incurred while traveling between floors.

There are risks to escalators. If the steps and pallets are not designed properly and made of proper materials, they could simply cause slipping of a passenger and since the steps are moving, it could cause the other passengers to fall on each other. In addition, a wet or slippery spot on the escalator could cause the passengers to trip or fall.

Keep your hands, feet and clothing clear of the side panels of the escalator. Do not sit on the steps or stand close to the sides of an escalator. Once at the end of an escalator, step off immediately. Do not let your feet slide off the end of an escalator.

Do not go in the opposite direction of the escalator. Do not take wheelchairs, electric scooters, strollers, hand carts, luggage carts or similar items on the escalator. When riding escalators: Keep loose clothing clear of steps and sides.

The world's longest escalator system is Hong Kong's Central Hillside Escalator Link. The 800-m. (2,624-ft) long system of covered moving walkways carries commuters between the Mid-Levels district and Central Market close to the waterfront on Hong Kong Island.

There are approximately 900,000 elevators in the United States and the odds of getting stuck in an elevator are 1 in every 100,000 elevator ride.

Hold the railing or someone's hand. This can help with your sense of balance and perception of depth while on the escalator. Some people who suffer from a fear of escalators find wearing practical, sturdy shoes while on an escalator can give them a sense of security and comfort.

About 5 percent of the global population suffers from claustrophobia, according to Villines. When it comes to elevators specifically, those who suffer may fear not just the malfunction, but the fear of experiencing a panic attack.

When you ride an escalator, you might not realize that it's probably one of the biggest and most expensive machines you use regularly. Despite their size and cost, though, they're actually fairly simple machines. Escalators are basically just long conveyor belts.

Reno, a graduate of Lehigh University, produced the first working escalator (called the "inclined elevator") and installed it alongside the Old Iron Pier at Coney Island, New York City in 1896.


YouTube上的WION频道显示,一名女乘客的左腿卡在自动扶梯中后被截肢。 医生无法重新接上她的腿。 机场会考虑更换旧的自动人行道吗? 莫莉·甘比尔会告诉你更多。



6 月 29 日,这名 57 岁的妇女在泰国曼谷廊曼国际机场遭受恐怖伤害后,今天在两名理疗师和框架的帮助下在医院行走。





她的儿子基蒂拉特 (Kittirat) 表示,她抱怨“这就像一个孩子再次学习走路一样”,并誓言要就据称维护不善的自动扶梯起诉机场。

他补充道:“我妈妈步行了 15 分钟,必须每天练习。 这非常令人鼓舞。

“尽管发生了这一切,她仍然像以前一样美丽。 我希望她很快就能跑得比我快。”



Thongkaemkaew 先生补充说,在警方收集证人证词时,他将“继续重复对闭路电视的要求”。



根据美国劳工统计局和消费品安全委员会提供的数据,在美国,涉及电梯和自动扶梯的事故每年造成约 30 人死亡、约 17,000 人重伤。

消费品安全委员会 (CPSC) 估计,每年平均有 6,000 人在自动扶梯上受伤。

美国有超过 33,000 部自动扶梯和 900,000 部电梯正在运行。 虽然自动扶梯的数量远少于电梯,但自动扶梯造成的伤害却是电梯的 15 倍。

虽然自动扶梯和电梯造成的伤害确实很可怕,但实际上您在其中受伤的总体几率仍然很小。 事实上,根据《美国急诊医学杂志》发表的研究,楼梯是在楼层之间移动时最常见的受伤原因。

自动扶梯存在风险。 如果梯级和托盘的设计和材料不合适,它们可能会导致乘客滑倒,并且由于梯级在移动,可能会导致其他乘客互相摔倒。 此外,自动扶梯上潮湿或湿滑的地方也可能导致乘客绊倒或跌倒。

确保您的手、脚和衣服远离自动扶梯的侧板。 不要坐在自动扶梯的台阶上或站在靠近自动扶梯两侧的地方。 一旦到达自动扶梯末端,请立即下车。 不要让脚从自动扶梯末端滑落。

请勿逆行自动扶梯方向。 请勿携带轮椅、电动滑板车、婴儿车、手推车、行李车或类似物品乘坐自动扶梯。 乘坐自动扶梯时: 宽松的衣服不要接触梯级和侧面。

世界上最长的自动扶梯系统是香港的中环山坡自动扶梯连接线。 800米。 (2,624 英尺)长的有盖自动人行道系统承载着通勤者往返于半山区和靠近香港岛海滨的中环街市。

美国大约有 900,000 部电梯,每乘坐 100,000 次电梯就有 1 人被困在电梯中。

握住栏杆或某人的手。 这有助于增强您在自动扶梯上的平衡感和深度感。 一些害怕自动扶梯的人发现,在自动扶梯上穿实用、坚固的鞋子可以给他们带来安全感和舒适感。

据维林斯称,全球约有 5% 的人口患有幽闭恐惧症。 具体到电梯时,那些遭受苦难的人可能不仅担心电梯故障,还担心会经历惊恐发作。

当您乘坐自动扶梯时,您可能没有意识到它可能是您经常使用的最大、最昂贵的机器之一。 尽管它们的尺寸和成本很高,但它们实际上是相当简单的机器。 自动扶梯基本上只是长传送带。

里诺 (Reno) 毕业于理海大学 (Lehigh University),他制造了第一台可用的自动扶梯(称为“倾斜电梯”),并于 1896 年将其安装在纽约市康尼岛的旧铁码头旁。