Monday, July 31, 2023

Orangutan understands 72 words! Extraordinary Animals on Earth! 猩猩听懂72个单词! 地球上非凡的动物!

This smart animal could be smart enough to go to outer space.

BBC Earth on Youtube shows: Azy the Orangutan communicates with his tutor via symbols and can even use verbs!

The world is an amazing place full of stories, beauty and natural wonder. At BBC EARTH, you will find 50 years worth of astounding, entertaining, thought-provoking and educational natural history content.

So-called "Orangutans" are really great apes native to the rainforests of Indonesia and Malaysia. They are now found only in parts of Borneo and Sumatra, but during the Pleistocene they ranged throughout Southeast Asia and South China. Classified in the genus Pongo, orangutans were originally considered to be one species. From 1996, they were divided into two species: the Bornean orangutan (P. pygmaeus, with three subspecies) and the Sumatran orangutan (P. abelii). A third species, the Tapanuli orangutan (P. tapanuliensis), was identified definitively in 2017. The orangutans are the only surviving species of the subfamily Ponginae, which diverged genetically from the other hominids (gorillas, chimpanzees, and humans) between 19.3 and 15.7 million years ago.

The most arboreal of the great apes, orangutans spend most of their time in trees. They have proportionally long arms and short legs, and have reddish-brown hair covering their bodies. Adult males weigh about 75 kg (165 lb), while females reach about 37 kg (82 lb). Dominant adult males develop distinctive cheek pads or flanges and make long calls that attract females and intimidate rivals; younger subordinate males do not and more resemble adult females. Orangutans are the most solitary of the great apes: social bonds occur primarily between mothers and their dependent offspring. Fruit is the most important component of an orangutan's diet; but they will also eat vegetation, bark, honey, insects and bird eggs. They can live over 30 years, both in the wild and in captivity.

Orangutans are certainly among the most intelligent primates. They use a variety of sophisticated tools and construct elaborate sleeping nests each night from branches and foliage. The apes' learning abilities have been studied extensively. There may be distinctive cultures within populations. Orangutans have been featured in literature and art since at least the 18th century, particularly in works that comment on human society. Field studies of the apes were pioneered by primatologist Birutė Galdikas and they have been kept in captive facilities around the world since at least the early 19th century.

Which is smartest of the apes? Deemed really some of the smartest apes on the planet, orangutans are exceptional creatures with expressive faces. Overall, the species considered most intelligent among the ape species, apart from humans, are orangutans. A few methods and ideas build this foundational thought on which species are the smartest.

More facts:

Which is smarter: gorilla or chimp? Though the chimpanzees are smaller in size they have bigger brains than the mountain gorillas hence making them more intelligent than the gorillas. This makes the chimpanzees more clever and tricky animals than the mountain gorillas.

Difference between apes and monkeys? The easiest way to distinguish between a monkey or an ape is to see if it has a tail. Almost all monkeys have tails, while apes do not. Also take note of the primate's body shape, size, and other physical attributes. Apes are generally larger with wider chests and almost naked faces.

Apes are generally more intelligent than monkeys, and most species of apes exhibit some use of tools. While both monkeys and apes can use sounds and gestures to communicate, apes have demonstrated higher ability with language, and some individual apes have been trained to learn human sign languages.

African Gray Parrots are thought to be one of the most intelligent species on the planet, rivaling even apes. Some researchers have suggested that these certain parrots have a reasoning ability akin to a three- or four-year-old human child.

What is the friendliest primate to humans? Bonobo apes are kind to strangers. According to the study, bonobos will go out of their way to help strangers - even when there is no guarantee of any payback.

Gorillas are the largest apes (not monkeys!) and the strongest primate, known for their impressive strength. These powerful animals weigh up to 200 kg, and can lift almost 2,000 kg - 10 times their body weight.

Which animal has the lowest IQ? Ostriches. The bird species dominate the list of animals with low intelligence, including the ostrich, despite being the largest bird. Ostriches have small brains that weigh only 26.34 grams, making up about 0.015% of their body weight.

Which animal has 32 brains? Leech: Leech is an annelid. Leech's external and internal segmentation do not correspond to each other. If the internal body is examined, it can be seen that the body is divided into 32 parts or segments which have their own corresponding brain.

Who would win in a fight: orangutan vs gorilla? Gorillas are really far better fighters and far more capable of inflicting fatal trauma on enemies. An orangutan might escape a gorilla by climbing trees, but that is not going to defeat the gorilla.

Humans have bodies that are genetically and structurally very similar to those of the Great Apes and so we are classified in the Great Apes sub-group which is also known as the hominids (Family Hominidae).

Pound for pound, humans are definitely the weakest apes. Muscle fibers come in two varieties, fast-twitch and slow-twitch. The fast twitch muscles act faster (obviously) and exert more force in less time.

Which rarest great ape on earth could soon go extinct? Tapanuli orangutans. Less than 800 Tapanuli orangutans remain confined to the small mountainous region of Batang Toru in North Sumatra, Indonesia.

An unarmed human could not beat a chimpanzee in a fight. This may work for the biggest, strongest humans, but certainly not the average ones.

Who wins in a fight: a baboon or a chimpanzee? A chimpanzee is really much stronger than a baboon given that a chimpanzee is much larger, sometimes even twice as large, since only a handful of baboons weigh more than about 50 pounds, while a chimpanzee weighs about 70 to 100 pounds.

Interestingly, the fascinating name "orangutan" (also written orang-utan, orang utan, orangutang, and ourang-outang) is derived from the Malay words orang, meaning "person", and hutan, meaning "forest". The locals originally used the name to refer to actual forest-dwelling human beings, but the word underwent a semantic extension to include apes of the Pongo genus at an early stage in the history of Malay.



YouTube 上的 BBC Earth 节目显示:猩猩 Azy 通过符号与他的导师交流,甚至可以使用动词!

世界是一个充满故事、美丽和自然奇观的神奇地方。 在 BBC EARTH,您将发现 50 年来令人惊叹、有趣、发人深省且具有教育意义的自然历史内容。

所谓的“猩猩”实际上是原产于印度尼西亚和马来西亚雨林的类人猿。 它们现在仅分布在婆罗洲和苏门答腊岛的部分地区,但在更新世期间,它们的分布范围遍及东南亚和华南地区。 猩猩属于猩猩属,最初被认为是一个物种。 从1996年起,它们被分为两个物种:婆罗洲猩猩(P. pygmaeus,有3个亚种)和苏门答腊猩猩(P. abelii)。 第三个物种是塔巴努里猩猩 (P. tapanuliensis),于 2017 年得到最终确认。猩猩是猩猩亚科中唯一幸存的物种,与其他原始人类(大猩猩、黑猩猩和人类)在基因上的分歧在 19.3 到 15.7 之间。 万年前。

猩猩是最喜欢树栖的类人猿,大部分时间都在树上度过。 它们的手臂很长,腿很短,全身覆盖着红棕色的毛发。 成年雄性体重约为 75 公斤(165 磅),而雌性体重约为 37 公斤(82 磅)。 占主导地位的成年雄性会长出独特的脸颊垫或凸缘,并发出长长的叫声来吸引雌性并恐吓竞争对手; 年轻的从属男性与成年女性不同,而且更相似。 红毛猩猩是类人猿中最孤独的一种:社会纽带主要发生在母亲及其受抚养的后代之间。 水果是猩猩饮食中最重要的组成部分。 但它们也会吃植物、树皮、蜂蜜、昆虫和鸟蛋。 无论是在野外还是在圈养条件下,它们的寿命都可以超过 30 年。

猩猩无疑是最聪明的灵长类动物之一。 它们使用各种复杂的工具,每晚用树枝和树叶建造精致的睡眠巢穴。 猿类的学习能力已被广泛研究。 人群中可能存在独特的文化。 至少从 18 世纪起,猩猩就出现在文学和艺术中,尤其是评论人类社会的作品中。 对类人猿的实地研究是由灵长类动物学家 Birutė Galdikas 开创的,至少从 19 世纪初开始,它们就被饲养在世界各地的圈养设施中。

猿类中哪一个最聪明? 猩猩被认为是地球上最聪明的猿类,它们是有着富有表情的面孔的特殊生物。 总体而言,除了人类之外,猿类中最聪明的物种是猩猩。 一些方法和想法构建了关于哪些物种最聪明的基本思想。


大猩猩和黑猩猩哪个更聪明? 尽管黑猩猩体型较小,但它们的大脑比山地大猩猩更大,因此它们比大猩猩更聪明。 这使得黑猩猩比山地大猩猩更加聪明和狡猾。

猿和猴的区别? 区分猴子或猿的最简单方法是看它是否有尾巴。 几乎所有的猴子都有尾巴,而猿类则没有。 还要注意灵长类动物的体形、大小和其他身体特征。 猿类通常体型较大,胸部更宽,脸部几乎裸露。

猿类通常比猴子更聪明,并且大多数猿类都表现出一定的工具使用能力。 虽然猴子和类人猿都可以使用声音和手势进行交流,但类人猿表现出了更高的语言能力,并且一些类人猿个体已经接受过学习人类手语的训练。

非洲灰鹦鹉被认为是地球上最聪明的物种之一,甚至可以与猿类相媲美。 一些研究人员认为,这些某些鹦鹉具有类似于三四岁人类儿童的推理能力。

对人类最友好的灵长类动物是什么? 倭黑猩猩对陌生人很友善。 根据这项研究,倭黑猩猩会不遗余力地帮助陌生人——即使不能保证任何回报。

大猩猩是最大的猿类(不是猴子!),也是最强壮的灵长类动物,以其令人印象深刻的力量而闻名。 这些强大的动物重达 200 公斤,可以举起近 2,000 公斤的物体——是它们体重的 10 倍。

什么动物的智商最低? 鸵鸟。 尽管鸵鸟是最大的鸟类,但它们在智力低下的动物名单中占据主导地位,其中包括鸵鸟。 鸵鸟的大脑很小,仅重26.34克,约占其体重的0.015%。

哪种动物有32个大脑? 水蛭:水蛭是环节动物。 Leech的外部和内部分割彼此不对应。 如果检查身体内部,可以看到身体分为32个部分或节段,每个部分或节段都有各自相应的大脑。


Orangutan 猩猩
Extraordinary 非凡的

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