Tuesday, August 15, 2023

China Zoo: Bear claimed to be "human in disguise" waves at zoo-goers 中國動物園:熊自稱“偽裝的人類”向動物園遊客揮手

The Telegraph on Youtube has the story.

A bear that became a social media celebrity after visitors claimed it looked like a “human in disguise” has been filmed appearing to wave at zoo-goers. 

Some 20,000 visitors are heading to Hangzhou Zoo in eastern China every day - an increase of almost a third - since the sun bear, known as Angela, went viral.

Footage has now emerged of the bear standing on its hind legs waving its right paw to the people gathered around its enclosure.

The so-called sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) is a species in the family Ursidae (the only species in the genus Helarctos) occurring in the tropical forests of Southeast Asia. It is the smallest bear, standing nearly 70 cm (28 in) at the shoulder and weighing 25–65 kg (55–143 lb). It is stockily built, with large paws, strongly curved claws, small, rounded ears and a short snout. The fur is generally jet black, but can vary from grey to red. The sun bear really gets its name from its characteristic colorful orange to cream-coloured chest patch. Its unique morphology—inward-turned front feet, flattened chest, powerful forelimbs with large claws—suggests adaptations for climbing.

The most arboreal (tree-living) of all bears, the sun bear is an excellent climber and sunbathes or sleeps in trees 2 to 7 m (7 to 23 ft) above the ground. It is mainly active during the day, though nocturnality might be more common in areas frequented by humans. Sun bears tend to remain solitary, but sometimes occur in twos (such as a mother and her cub). They do not seem to hibernate, possibly because food resources are available the whole year throughout the range. Being omnivores, sun bears' diet includes ants, bees, beetles, honey, termites, and plant material such as seeds and several kinds of fruits; vertebrates such as certain birds and deer are also eaten occasionally. They breed throughout the year; individuals become sexually mature at two to four years of age. Litters comprise one or two cubs that remain with their mother for around three years.

The range of the sun bear is bounded by northeastern India to the north then south to southeast through Bangladesh, Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam in mainland Asia to Brunei, Indonesia, and Malaysia to the south. These bears are threatened by heavy deforestation and illegal hunting for food and the wildlife trade; they are also harmed in conflicts with various humans when they enter farmlands, plantations, and orchards. The global population is estimated to have declined by 35% since the 1990s. The IUCN has listed this species as vulnerable.

Chinese Translation:

YouTube 上的《電訊報》報導了這個故事。


自從太陽熊“安吉拉”走紅以來,每天約有 2 萬名遊客前往中國東部的杭州動物園,這一數字增加了近三分之一。


所謂的馬來熊 (Helarctos malayanus) 是熊科 (Helarctos) 中的一個物種(Helarctos 屬中的唯一物種),生活在東南亞的熱帶森林中。 它是最小的熊,站立時肩高近 70 厘米(28 英寸),體重 25-65 公斤(55-143 磅)。 它體格粗壯,爪子很大,爪子彎曲得很厲害,耳朵又小又圓,鼻子很短。 皮毛通常是深黑色,但也可以從灰色到紅色。 太陽熊的名字來源於它特有的橙色到奶油色的胸前斑塊。 它獨特的形態——內翻的前腳、扁平的胸部、強大的前肢和大爪子——表明它適應攀爬。

太陽熊是所有熊類中最喜歡樹棲(在樹上生活)的動物,是出色的攀爬者,在距地面 2 至 7 m(7 至 23 英尺)的樹上曬日光浴或睡覺。 它主要在白天活動,儘管夜間活動在人類經常光顧的地區可能更常見。 太陽熊往往獨居,但有時也會成雙成對(例如母親和她的幼崽)。 它們似乎不會冬眠,可能是因為整個範圍內全年都有食物資源。 作為雜食動物,馬來熊的食物包括螞蟻、蜜蜂、甲蟲、蜂蜜、白蟻以及植物材料,例如種子和幾種水果; 偶爾也會吃某些鳥類和鹿等脊椎動物。 它們全年繁殖; 個體在兩到四歲時性成熟。 一窩幼崽包括一兩隻幼崽,它們會和母親一起生活大約三年。

太陽熊的活動範圍北起印度東北部,然後南至東南,穿過亞洲大陸的孟加拉國、柬埔寨、緬甸、老撾、泰國和越南,南至文萊、印度尼西亞和馬來西亞。 這些熊受到嚴重森林砍伐、非法狩獵和野生動物貿易的威脅; 當它們進入農田、種植園和果園時,它們也會在與各種人類的衝突中受到傷害。 自 20 世紀 90 年代以來,全球人口估計已減少 35%。 世界自然保護聯盟已將該物種列為易危物種。

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