Tuesday, November 21, 2023

Alaska: "Like a hurricane": Moose fight destroys women's yard 阿拉斯加:“像飓风一样”:驼鹿打斗摧毁了妇女的院子

"Like a hurricane": Moose fight destroys women's yard

CTV News on Youtube has the story.

Two moose wrought havoc at a home in Homer, Alaska, getting into a bloody fight that caused significant damage to a woman’s yard and car.

The so-called animal: "moose" or "elk" is the only species in the genus Alces. The moose is the tallest and second-largest land mammal in North America, only falling short of the American buffalo in terms of mass. It is the largest and heaviest extant species of deer. Most adult male moose have distinctive broad, palmate ("open-hand shaped") antlers; most other members of the deer family have antlers with a dendritic ("twig-like") configuration. Moose typically inhabit boreal forests and temperate broadleaf and mixed forests of the Northern Hemisphere in temperate to subarctic climates. Hunting and other human activities have caused a reduction in the size of the moose's range over time. It has been reintroduced to some of its former habitats. Currently, most moose occur in Canada, Alaska, New England (with Maine having the most of the contiguous United States), New York State, Fennoscandia, the Baltic states, Poland, Kazakhstan, and Russia.

The moose food diet consists of both terrestrial and aquatic vegetation. Predators of moose include wolves, bears, humans, wolverines (rarely), and (while swimming in the ocean) orcas. Unlike most other deer species, moose do not form herds and are solitary animals, aside from calves who remain with their mother until the cow begins estrus (typically at 18 months after birth of the calf), at which point the cow chases them away. Although generally slow-moving and sedentary, moose can become aggressive, and move quickly if angered or startled. Their mating season in the autumn indeed features energetic fights between males competing for a female.

What are extant animals:

Extant describes species that DO exist. Virtually every creature you hear about on Something Wild is extant. Extinct and extant are opposites, leaving extirpation somewhere in the middle. Biologists use extirpated to describe species that no longer exist in a specific region.

Chinese Translation:


YouTube 上的 CTV 新闻报道了这个故事。


所谓动物:“驼鹿”或“麋鹿”是驼鹿属中唯一的物种。 驼鹿是北美最高、第二大的陆地哺乳动物,仅在体重方面仅次于美洲水牛。 它是现存最大、最重的鹿种。 大多数成年雄性驼鹿都有独特的宽阔掌状(“张开手形”)鹿角; 鹿科的大多数其他成员的鹿角呈树枝状(“树枝状”)结构。 驼鹿通常栖息在北半球温带至亚北极气候的北方森林和温带阔叶林和混交林中。 随着时间的推移,狩猎和其他人类活动导致驼鹿的活动范围缩小。 它已被重新引入其一些以前的栖息地。 目前,大多数驼鹿分布在加拿大、阿拉斯加、新英格兰(缅因州占据美国本土大部分地区)、纽约州、芬诺斯坎迪亚、波罗的海国家、波兰、哈萨克斯坦和俄罗斯。

驼鹿的食物包括陆地和水生植物。 驼鹿的天敌包括狼、熊、人类、狼獾(很少)和逆戟鲸(在海里游泳时)。 与大多数其他鹿种不同,驼鹿不形成群体,是独居动物,除了小牛一直和母亲待在一起,直到母牛开始发情(通常在小牛出生后 18 个月),此时母牛会将它们赶走。 虽然驼鹿通常行动缓慢且久坐,但它会变得具有攻击性,并且在愤怒或受惊时会快速移动。 它们在秋季的交配季节确实以雄性之间争夺雌性的激烈战斗为特色。


现存物种描述了确实存在的物种。 事实上,你在《Something Wild》中听到的每一种生物都存在。 灭绝和现存是对立的,灭绝则介于中间。 生物学家使用灭绝来描述特定地区不再存在的物种。

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