Tuesday, April 5, 2022

International Space Station: Russia threatens to end cooperation 國際空間站:俄羅斯威脅終止合作


Al Jazeera English on Youtube shows that Russia says it will end cooperation with the International Space Station. Head of Russia's space agency says organisation will no longer work with NASA or European partners.

The purpose of this space station is important. The ISS was originally intended to be a laboratory, observatory, and factory while providing transportation, maintenance, and a low Earth orbit staging base for possible future missions to the Moon, Mars, and asteroids. However, not all of the uses envisioned in the initial memorandum of understanding between NASA and Roscosmos have been realised. In the 2010 United States National Space Policy, the ISS was given additional roles of serving commercial, diplomatic, and educational purposes.

Scientific research on the International Space Station is important, indeed. The ISS really provides a platform to conduct scientific research, with power, data, cooling, and crew available to support experiments. Small uncrewed spacecraft can also provide platforms for experiments, especially those involving zero gravity and exposure to space, but space stations offer a long-term environment where important studies can be performed potentially for decades, combined with ready access by human researchers.

Chinese:

Youtube 上的半島電視台英語節目顯示,俄羅斯表示將終止與國際空間站的合作。俄羅斯航天局局長表示,該機構將不再與美國宇航局或歐洲合作夥伴合作。

這個空間站的目的很重要。國際空間站最初的目的是成為一個實驗室、天文台和工廠,同時為未來可能的月球、火星和小行星任務提供運輸、維護和近地軌道中轉基地。然而,並非 NASA 和 Roscosmos 最初的諒解備忘錄中設想的所有用途都已實現。在 2010 年美國國家空間政策中,國際空間站被賦予了服務於商業、外交和教育目的的額外角色。

國際空間站的科學研究確實很重要。國際空間站確實提供了一個進行科學研究的平台,提供電力、數據、冷卻和人員來支持實驗。小型無人航天器也可以為實驗提供平台,特別是那些涉及零重力和暴露於太空的實驗,但空間站提供了一個長期環境,可以在其中進行重要的研究可能長達數十年,同時人類研究人員可以隨時使用。









































1 comment:

  1. When you talk
    you only repeat what you already know
    But if you listen, you may learn something new How to improve my English communication

    ReplyDelete