Tuesday, November 15, 2022

Learn Chinese Through News: Queen Elizabeth II 英国女王伊丽莎白二世


Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; 21 April 1926 - 8 September 2022) was Queen of the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms from 6 February 1952 until her death in 2022. She was queen regnant of 32 sovereign states during her lifetime, 15 of them at the time of her death. Her reign of 70 years and 214 days was the longest of any British monarch and really the longest verified reign of any female monarch in history.

Elizabeth was born in Mayfair, London, as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York (later King George VI and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother). Her father acceded to the throne in 1936 upon the abdication of his brother Edward VIII, making the ten-year-old Princess Elizabeth the heir presumptive. She was educated privately at home and began to undertake public duties during the Second World War, serving in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. In November 1947, she married Philip Mountbatten, a former prince of Greece and Denmark, and their marriage lasted 73 years until his death in 2021. They had four children: Charles, Anne, Andrew, and Edward.


伊丽莎白二世(伊丽莎白亚历山德拉玛丽;1926 年 4 月 21 日 - 2022 年 9 月 8 日)从 1952 年 2 月 6 日到 2022 年去世期间一直是英国和其他英联邦国家的女王。她一生是 32 个主权国家的女王,其中 15 个国家在她去世的时候。她在位 70 年零 214 天,是所有英国君主中最长的,也是历史上经证实的所有女君主中最长的在位时间。

伊丽莎白出生于伦敦梅菲尔,是约克公爵和公爵夫人(后来的乔治六世国王和太后伊丽莎白女王)的第一个孩子。 1936 年,她的父亲在其兄爱德华八世退位后继位,使 10 岁的伊丽莎白公主成为推定继承人。她在家中接受私立教育,并在第二次世界大战期间开始承担公职,在辅助领土服务中服役。 1947年11月,她与希腊和丹麦的前王子菲利普蒙巴顿结婚,他们的婚姻持续了73年,直到他于2021年去世。他们育有四个孩子:查尔斯、安妮、安德鲁和爱德华。

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