Sunday, July 25, 2021

Outer Space 外太空

Outer Space 外太空

太空 - tài kōnɡ - outer space - космос

宇宙 - yǔ zhòu - universe - Вселенная

登上太空 - dēnɡ shànɡ tài kōnɡ - to enter outer space - отправиться (полететь) в космос

宇航员 - yǔ hánɡ yuán - astronaut - космонавт

关注  - ɡuān zhù - to follow (some issue), to pay attention to smth. - уделять внимание

体检 - tí jiǎn - medical check-up - медицинский осмотр

新项目 - xīn xiànɡ mù - a new project

新闻 - xīn wén - news - новость

出版社  - chū bǎn shè - publishing house - издательство

舒服 - shū fu - comfortable - удобный (например, об одежде)


飛船 spaceship, airship, vehicle, dirigible, aeroboat
宇宙飛船 spacecraft, spaceship
空間站 Space Station
地球 Earth
外太空 Outer Space
軌道 Orbit
大量的 Mass
建造 Construction
科學 Science
實驗 Experiment
技術 Technology
實驗室 laboratory
宇航員 astronaut, cosmonaut
太空人 astronaut, cosmonaut
航天員 astronaut
泰科諾 taikonaut (a Chinese astronaut)

The Tiangong Space Station (Chinese: 天宫 'Heavenly Palace') or Chinese large modular space station is a space station placed in low Earth orbit between 340-450 km above the surface. The Tiangong Space Station will be roughly one-fifth the mass of the International Space Station and about the size of the decommissioned Russian Mir space station. The Tiangong is expected to have a mass between 80 and 100 t (180,000 and 220,000 lb). Operations will be controlled from the Beijing Aerospace Command and Control Center in China. The core module, the Tianhe ("Harmony of the Heavens"), launched on 29 April 2021.

The construction of the station will manifest the 3rd phase of the Tiangong program. It builds on the experience gained from its precursors, Tiangong-1 and Tiangong-2. Chinese leaders hope that research conducted on the station will improve researchers' ability to conduct science experiments in space, beyond the duration offered by China's existing space laboratories.

The Chinese large modular space station is designed to be used for 10 years which could be extended to 15 years and will accommodate 3 astronauts.

With the core module deployed and stocked, China will launch 3 taikonauts to live on the CSS. The launch is expected to take place in June 2021. This crewed mission, named Shenzhou-12, will be China's 7th, and the first since the Shenzhou-11 mission in 2016.

China is seeking to enhance its capacity for scientific and technological innovation by building the large modular space station.

Sports and Olympics 體育和奧運會

冰球 - bīnɡ qiú - ice hockey

冰球队 - bīnɡ qiú duì - ice hockey team

体操 - tǐ cāo - gymnastics - гимнастика

运动员 - yùn dònɡ yuán - sportsman - спортсмен

他们赢了 -  tā men yínɡ le - They won.

他们输给了西班牙 - tā men shū ɡěi le xī bān yá - They have lost to Spain. - Они проиграли Испании.

不普及,不普遍 -  bù pǔ jí , bù pǔ biàn - not often - нечасто

我不知道棒球的规则 - wǒ bù zhī dào bànɡ qiú de ɡuī zé -  I don't know baseball rules. - Я не знаю правила бейсбола.

在俄国,没有很多人玩棒球 - zài é ɡuó méi yǒu hěn duō rén wán bànɡ qiú - In Russia not many people play baseball (Baseball is not popular in Russia.) - В России немного людей, который играют в бейсбол (Бейсбол в России не популярная игра.)

拉拉队 - lā lā duì - Go, go! - Давай, давай!

电子手表 -  diàn zǐ shóu biǎo - electronic watch

机械手表 - jī xiè shóu biǎo - mechanical watch

運動 movement, motion, sports, sport, campaign, move

戲 play, drama, show, theatrical, performance, sport

嬉戲 sport

嬉 play, amusement, sport

House 房子

公寓 Apartment
套間 suite, apartment, flat, inner room
房間 room, chamber, apartment, suite
間 room, apartment, den, space in between, aula


汽車 car, automobile, auto
車 car, vehicle, lathe, rook, machine, castle
轎車 car, bus
車輛 vehicle, car
車廂 car


食品 food, foodstuff, grocery, provisions
食物 food, meat, eating, eatables
糧食 food, grain, commissariat, provision, foodstuff, cereals
食 food, eclipse, meal
糧 grain, food, provisions
餐 meal, food
飯 rice, meal, food, cooked rice, cuisine
膳食 meal, food
食糧 food, grain
營養品 food, nourishment, diet, sustenance
饌 food, comestible, meal, delicacy, chow, dainty
饋 food
粻 chow, comestible, food, meal, victual, white cooked rice
篹 chow, victual, comestible, dainty, delicate, food


This is an interesting character - Radical 饣 ("Eat", "Food")


饣 is used as a left Chinese radical. Its meaning is "food" or "eat." The productive phonetic is shí (shi2).

饣 is simplified from 食. The pictogram of the traditional form looks like an inverted mouth over a bowl of food (probably rice) on a stand. The current form is 人 + 良 but the lower part is more likely to be related to 皀 rather than to 艮.

In the standard Chinese Kangxi Dictionary, more than 400 characters are found under this radical. In combination with other characters, they certainly produce lots of food-related words.

早饭  zǎo fàn  breakfast 
吃晚饭  chī wǎn fàn  to have dinner 
饭馆  fàn guǎn  restaurant 
旅馆  lǚ guǎn  hotel 
我太饿了! wǒ tài è le  I am so hungry! 
他很馋。 tā hěn chán  He is gluttonous. 
月饼  yuè bǐng  moon cake
肉馅儿  ròu xiànr  meat filling 

A popular Chinese traditional dish is called 饺子  jiǎozi  dumplings.

Beijing duck 北京烤鴨

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